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Clear Lake, Lower Klamath, and Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge
On the California/Oregon Boarder at Hwy. 97

US Fish & Wildlife 
Management Unit:    
Klamath Basin Natinal Wildlife Refuges 
Route 1, Box 74 
Tulelake, CA 96134 
(530) 667-2231


  • Interpretive Auto Trail
  • Interpretive Trail
  • Canoeing
  • Fishing
  • Hunting
  • Wildlife Viewing Area
For the wildlife enthusiast, a visit to the Klamath Basin Refuges in California in any season is a voyage of never-ending discovery. Season to season and year to year, the dynamic ebb and flow of wildlife is a process of constant change. Over 430 wildlife species have been observed in the Basin including 263 species of birds. Fall and spring bring the drama of one to three million ducks, geese and swans using refuge wetlands as a vital stopover in the annual migrations. Winter bald eagle numbers peak in mid February with Basin populations ranking as the largest recorded in the contiguous United States. Thousands of wetland nesting birds also raise their young on the Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges.

Historically, the Klamath Basin was dominated by approximately 185,000 acres of shallow lakes and freshwater marshes. These extensive wetlands attracted peak fall concentrations of over 6 million waterfowl and supported abundant populations of other water birds including American white pelican, double crested cormorant, and several heron species. In 1905, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation initiated the Klamath Reclamation Project to convert the lakes and marshes of the Lower Klamath and Tule Lake areas to Agricultural lands, As these wetlands receded, the reclaimed lands were opened to agricultural development and settlement. Today, less than 25 percent of the historic wetlands remain.

To conseve much of the Basin's remaining wetland habitat the Lower Klamath, Tule Lake, Clear Lake, and Klamath Marsh, National Wildlife Refuges in Northern California were established. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service manages these Refuges to enhance wildlife and benefit the American people. Agricultural and water programs are coordinated under an agreement between the Fish and Wildlife Service and the Bureau of Reclaimation.

Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge

Established by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1908, Lower Klamath Refuge was our nation's first waterfowl refuge. This 46,900-acre Refuge is a varied mix of shallow freshwater marshes, open water, grassy uplands, and croplands that are intensively managed to provide feeding, resting, nesting, and broad rearing habitat for waterfowl and other water birds. A marked 10-mile auto tour allows visitors year round access to great wildlife viewing opportunities. The Refuge also has a number of photo blinds which are strategically situated for great early morning photography.

Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Established in 1928, Tule Lake Refuge encompasses 39,116 acres of mostly open water and croplands. Approximately 17,000 acres are leased by farmers under a program administered by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Refuge permit holders farm another 1,900 acres of cereal grain and alfalfa. These crops, together with the waste grain and potatoes from the lease program, are a major food source for migrating and wintering waterfowl. A ten-mile auto tour route allows wildlife observation throughout the year.

Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Established in 1911, this 46,460 acre Refu

Shasta Cascade Wonderland Association
1699 HWY 273, Anderson, CA 96007 | (P) 530-365-7500 | (F) 530-365-1258